The History Of Gold:Tears of the Sun
This metal, which affects all of people for thousands of years, is not exactly known when it first appeared before humanity. However, BC. It is suggested that gold dust was found in caves dating back to 40000. It is the first metal known with this aspect. It was found before iron and steel.
Gold was first found around rivers before in history. It is attributed to the royal, god and demigods in terms of brightness, naturalness, easy shaping and difficult aging. Gold, which still exists today as a symbol of beauty, power and elitism, was used in the construction and decoration of tombs and idols in its early years. Golden Calf is one of the best examples of this.
The Golden Calf, according to the Old Testament, is an idol made by Harun to please the Israelites when Moses ascends Mount Sinai. The calf was the physicalized version of Israel's God. - (Visual Source: Admiration of the Golden Calf, Nicolas Poussin, Text: Wikipedia)
Then, it continued to be used in areas such as vases, plates, glasses and decorations for royal families.
It is believed that gold, which was perceived as an indicator of wealth and prosperity in the distant period, was seen as a social status in Ancient Greece. Contrary to popular belief, the use of gold medals in the Olympics belongs to modern periods.
One of the most important indicator to understanding its value is a map showing the gold mines known as the “Turin Papyrus” in Egyptians.
Turin Papyrus Map - BC 1160
In addition, the Phoenicians, Egyptians, Chinese, Indians, Hittites, prisoners of war and criminals were sent to the mines as captives in their efforts to find gold. This was before money, and it is stated that the value of gold is in the direction of the evidence.
B.C. In 2450-2600, King Priamos Treasures (Trojan Gold), known as the treasures of Hellenic Trojan, which is the subject of the Iliad Epic of Homer, were reached, and some of them are exhibited in the Pushkin Museum and the other in Troya Museum.
In addition, Egyptians brought a new understanding to trade by using the ratio of gold to silver. One
unit of gold was worth two and a half units of silver.
Gold coins BC It was used by the Lydians in the 700s. In fact, the use of gold coins beyond what is perceived today is not a cause but a result. It was revealed by the need for a government-approved unit of merchants. The gold particles known as Electrum are made official by being stamped on the state.
An example of the money used by the Lydians Source: Sixbid
This has caused the Lydians to trade much easier and faster. B.C. There was a great deal of gold accumulation in the period of Lydian King Croseus between 570 and 546, and this is why we still use the phrase "to be as rich as Croseus".
Plato and Aristotle stated that gold was obtained from the combination of intense sunlight and water. The transoceanic civilizations Aztek and Inka described it as "tears of the sun". He spoke of Homer as a symbol of wealth in Iliad and Odysey.
As a result, gold, which has reached the same quality even if it is not in the same form until today, has been one of the most important mines that distinguishes one class from another for all civilizations.